What is eczema?
Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) is a chronic skin condition that manifests as irritated, itchy patches of skin. Eczema tends to run in families and is commonly associated with other conditions, such as asthma and seasonal allergies.
The exact cause of eczema is not known, but it is common in childhood but may not manifest until later years. If a child gets eczema, dry and scaly patches appear on the skin. These patches often appear on the scalp, forehead, face, cheeks, folds of the arms, the back of the knees, and wrists. No matter where it appears, eczema is often very itchy, and scratching can also lead to a skin infection.
Eczema and its symptoms are different for everyone. Some of the more common symptoms include:
Another form of eczema, dyshidrotic eczema (DE), causes small, deep-seated blisters, usually located on the hands and in-between the fingers; blisters may also develop on the feet. Regardless of the location, these blisters are often very itchy and painful. When the blisters clear (usually in two to three weeks), the skin tends to be red, dry, and cracked.
DE is not curable and comes in flares. Causes of DE flares may include:
What causes eczema?
Everyday environmental factors may cause eczema to flare up, and knowing the patient’s specific triggers is key to managing eczema. Some common eczema triggers are:
If you or a loved one suffers from eczema, please schedule an appointment with one of our providers. We will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan to help get your eczema under control.